Heroes of the CSS Flex Box Adventures

Flex Box Adventure

Once upon a time, there was a King Arthur. He ruled his kingdom fair and square. But Arthur had one problem. He was a very naive person. So one sunny day, three alchemist brothers offered Arthur to exchange all his Gold Coins for coins made of a more valuable new metal that they had invented - Bit Coins.

Arthur believed them and gave them all his gold. The brothers took the gold and promised to give the bit coins back to Arthur in seven days.

Seven days passed. The brothers have not turned up. Arthur realized he had been scammed. He is angry and intends to take revenge on them. Let's help him do it with our weapon – CSS Flex Box!

We made this game for You

1. You often stumble and try to figure out which combination of Flex Box properties makes the browser do what you want it to do.

2. You want to create complex web layouts without constantly looking at the web page after every Cmd/Ctrl+S press in the code editor.

3. You have tried to learn Flex Box with video tutorials and articles but still don't fully understand how some parts of it work.

4*. Or, if you are a master of CSS Flex Box, we have something interesting and for you too (read further).

Is this you? Then you definitely want to learn Flex Box or improve upon your current skills. We have good news for you… really good news!

Learn Flex Box by Playing Game

No more boring videos, tutorials and courses. Learn Flex Box in a completely new, fun, effective and revolutionary way. By playing Flex Box coding game!

What's included:

+ 24 coding levels that teach you Flex Box

+ 3 game modes: easy, medium, and hard (for css flex box masters)

+ Interactive and fun-to-play environment that makes learning feel like play.

What you will learn

TL;DR: You'll completely learn CSS Flex Box once and for all.

1. Learn what is Flex Box

2. How to use Flex Box in real-world projects

3. Learn how to use and understand how all the popular flex box properties work (justify-content, align-items, align-content, flex-direction, flex-flow, order, align-self, flex-direction, flex)

Ready for an Adventure?

Become confident with CSS Flex Box, start making web pages much faster and never waste time looking into cheat codes and docs.

What players are Saying 🥰

Our Mission

Making learning to code more efficient, interesting and fun.

Hi, my name is Nick. I'm the founder of Coding Fantasy. I've been programming for over 7 years and I've learned to code using traditional ways.

I remember those days. How often I forced myself to sit and learn to code. How boring articles and documentation seemed to me. How much I lacked practice and because of this knowledge quickly disappeared. Learning shouldn't be like that, so I decided to change it.

I started with the fundamentals and studied how our brain learns. Neuroscience says that effective learning requires (1) a lot of practice and (2) a sense that learning is engaging. Exactly what is often missed in traditional ways of learning. Exactly why I had a hard time learning to code. And exactly what needed to be changed.

I've created Coding Fantasy as a new and more efficient way to learn code. Games are one of the best combination of (1) practice and (2) an engaging learning environment. They are the next logical step of traditional education. They are the future of learning. And my mission and mission of the Coding Fantasy is to make that future our reality.

Flexbox Terminology

Nick Bull, Founder of Coding Fantasy

What is CSS Flexbox?

If you are new to Flexbox, you can learn everything you need to know in just 10 minutes.

Here's a complete, comprehensive guide to Flexbox.

So, what is Flexbox?

Let's start with the not-so-interesting but essential to understand flexbox information. The full name of flexbox is CSS Flexible Box Layout. By the name, we can see that flexbox is all about making our layout flexible. And that's right, it changes the way the modern layout is built.

But how? What’s unique about the flexbox that makes it better than the block or inline model?

The main advantage of flexbox is it allows the flex container to change the width, height, and most importantly the order of its elements to best fill the available space.

This was not possible (almost) before the flexbox. Flexbox has changed the game. And now everyone uses flexbox on a daily basis to build modern layouts.

But what exactly is Flexbox? Is it some CSS property?

No.

Flexbox is an entire module and not a single property. It involves a lot of things including a whole set of properties. Before we dig into each of them, let’s talk a little about the terminology.

Flexbox Terminology

Flexbox Terminology

In this picture, you can find all the basic concepts behind the flexbox. First of all, let’s look at the flex container and the flex item.

The flex container is the parent element. All child elements inside it are called “flex items.” Flex items are only one-level deep children. So if we have some other elements inside “flex items” these elements are not called children of the flex container and the flexbox style of the container doesn’t apply to them.

The next major part of the flexbox is the axis. A Flexbox has a cross axis and main axis.

The main axis of a flex container is the primary axis along which flex items are laid out. It can be horizontal and vertical, depending on the flex-direction property.

The cross axis is always perpendicular to the main axis.

main-start and main-end refer to the start and the end of the element by the main axis.

cross-start and cross-end refer to the start and the end of the element by the cross axis.

main-size and cross-size refer to the size of the element by main and cross axis.

Now, we know everything we need to start learning the flexbox.

Flexbox Container Properties

There are two types of flexbox properties: the parent (flex-container) and the children (flex-item). Let’s start with the parent.

display

display property defines a flex container. It enables a flex context for all its direct children

It has two values:

1.
display: flex;
2.
display: inline-flex;

Each defines the type of the flex container: inline or block. This depends on the given value.

flex-direction

This establishes the main axis. It determines the direction in which the flex items are placed in the flex container. There are four possible values of the flex-direction property:

1.
flex-direction: row;
(default)

This sets the main axis direction from left to right.

CSS flexbox flex-direction: row;
2.
flex-direction: row-reverse;

This sets the main axis direction from right to left.

FCSS flexbox flex-direction: row-reverse;
3.
flex-direction: column;

This sets the main axis direction from top to bottom.

CSS flexbox flex-direction: column;
4.
flex-direction: column-reverse;

This sets the main axis direction from bottom to top.

CSS flexbox flex-direction: column-reverse;

flex-wrap

By default, flex items will all try to fit onto one line. flex-wrap can change that and allow the items to wrap as needed with this property.

“flex-wrap” has three properties:

1.
flex-wrap: nowrap;
(default)

All flex items will be on one line.

CSS flexbox flex-wrap: nowrap;
2.
flex-wrap: wrap;

Flex items wrap onto multiple lines, from top to bottom.

CSS flexbox flex-wrap: wrap;
3.
flex-wrap: wrap-reverse;

Flex items will wrap onto multiple lines from bottom to top.

flex-flow

This is a shorthand for the flex-direction and flex-wrap properties, which together define the flex container’s main and cross axes. The default value is
flex-flow: row nowrap

justify-content

justify-content defines the alignment along the main axis. It has six main properties:

1.
justify-content: flex-start;
(default)

Flex items are packed toward the start of the flex-direction.

CSS flexbox justify-content: flex-start;
2.
justify-content: flex-end;

Flex items are packed toward the end of the flex-direction.

CSS flexbox justify-content: flex-end;
3.
justify-content: center;

Flex items are centered along the main axis.

CSS flexbox justify-content: center;
4.
justify-content: space-between;

Flex items are evenly distributed in the line. The first item is on the start line, the last item on the end line.

CSS flexbox justify-content: space-between;
5.
justify-content: space-around;

Flex items are evenly distributed in the line with equal space around them. Note that visually the spaces aren’t equal, since all the items have equal space on both sides. The first item will have one unit of space away from the container edge, but two units of space between the next item because that next item has its own spacing that applies.

CSS flexbox justify-content: space-around;
6.
justify-content: space-evenly;

Flex items are distributed so that the spacing between any two items (and the space to the edges) is equal.

CSS flexbox justify-content: space-evenly;

align-items

align-items defines the alignment along the cross axis. It has five main properties:

1.
align-items: stretch;
(default)

Stretch to fill the container (still respect min-width/max-width)

CSS flexbox align-items: stretch;
2.
align-items: flex-start;

Flex items are placed at the start of the cross axis.

CSS flexbox align-items: flex-start;
3.
align-items: flex-end;

Flex items are placed at the end of the cross axis.

CSS flexbox align-items: flex-end;
4.
align-items: center;

Flex items are centered in the cross-axis

CSS flexbox align-items: center;
5.
align-items: baseline;

Flex items are aligned such as their baselines align

CSS flexbox align-items: baseline;

align-content

It’s like justify-content but for multi-lines and for the cross axis. This property only works when the container has
flex-wrap: wrap;
or
flex-wrap: wrap-reverse;
It has eight main properties:
1.
align-content: normal;
(default)

Flex items are packed in their default position as if no value was set.

2.
align-content: flex-start;

Flex items packed to the start of the container.

CSS flexbox align-content: flex-start;
3.
align-content: flex-end;

Flex items packed to the end of the container.

CSS flexbox align-content: flex-end;
4.
align-content: center;

Flex items centered in the container.

CSS flexbox align-content: center;
5.
align-content: space-between;

Flex items evenly distributed. The first line is at the start of the container while the last one is at the end.

CSS flexbox align-content: space-between;
6.
align-content: space-around;

Flex items evenly distributed with equal space around each line.

CSS flexbox align-content: space-around;
7.
align-content: space-evenly;

Flex items are evenly distributed with equal space around them.

CSS flexbox align-content: space-evenly;
8.
align-content: stretch;

Flex lines stretch to take up the remaining space.

CSS flexbox align-content: stretch;

Flexbox Children Properties

Now let’s talk about flexbox item properties.

order

The order property controls the order in which the flexbox items appear in the flex container. By default, flex items are laid out in the source order.

Default:

CSS flexbox without order

With order:

.item2 {
  order: 2; /* default is 0 */
}
CSS flexbox with order
.item2 {
  order: -3;
}
CSS flexbox with order -3

flex-grow

flex-grow defines the ability for a flex item to grow if necessary. It dictates what amount of the available space inside the flex container the item should take up.

Default:

CSS flexbox without flex-grow

With flex grow:

.item2 {
  flex-grow: 1;
}
CSS flexbox with flex-grow

If all items have flex-grow set to 1, the remaining space in the container will be distributed equally to all children. If one of the children has a value of 2, the remaining space will take up twice as much space as the others (or it will try to, at least).

flex-shrink

flex-shrink defines the ability for a flex item to shrink if necessary.

flex-basis

flex-basis defines the default size of an element before the remaining space is distributed. It can be a length (e.g. 20%, 5rem, etc.) or a keyword.

Default:

CSS flexbox flex-basis: default

With flex-basis:

.item2 {
  flex-basis: 500px;
}
CSS flexbox with flex-basis: flex

flex

flex is the shorthand for flex-grow, flex-shrink and flex-basis combined. The second and third parameters (flex-shrink and flex-basis) are optional. The default is 0 1 auto.

Example:

flex: 0 1 auto;
flex: 1;
flex: 2 1 500px;

align-self

align-self overrides the value of align-items for particular flex item. align-self share the same values as align-items.

Example:

.container {
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
}

.item2 {
  align-self: flex-start;
}
CSS flexbox align-self

Ready to become a Flexbox hero?

Now, you know everything you need to know about the flexbox. Let's do some practice.